Pakistans foreign policy

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Pakistans foreign policy

Toggle display of website navigation Argument: November 13,4: But building it is politically complicated; the Afghanistan-Pakistan border region is defined by its complex maze of transboundary rivers and there is no legal framework in place to avoid Pakistans foreign policy conflict between the nations.

The dam will hold million cubic meters of potable water for 2 million Kabul residents and irrigate 4, hectares Pakistans foreign policy land.

It will also provide drinking water for a new city on the outskirts of Kabul called Deh Sabz. Afghanistan is finally, after decades of devastating wars, in a position to begin to develop its economy and electricity from hydropower.

The Pakistani media outlet Dawn has reported that there could be a 16 to 17 percent drop in water flow after the completion of the Shahtoot Dam and other planned dams.

Pakistans foreign policy

Beyond reducing water flow to Pakistan, the Shahtoot Dam has a unique capacity to escalate tensions in the region thanks to its funding from India.

Because Pakistan has failed to build enough hydropower infrastructure at home, some Pakistanis fear it might have to buy electricity from Afghanistan in the future.

The report captured the balancing act India must successfully pull off as a stakeholder in the construction of the Shahtoot Dam. Lack of water leads to food shortages, price increases, and famine—all of which can cause instability and conflict.

Recent conflicts in Syria and Yemen grew out of destabilizing water shortages that, along with other factors, led to all-out war. A study by Afghan, German, and Finnish universities stresses that Afghanistan desperately needs better water infrastructure and water management.

The city of Kabul was only built to support 1 million peoplebut in it is rapidly expanding toward a population of 5 million. Most Kabul residents currently depend on groundwater sources, which are depleting rapidly in part due to thousands of unregulated wells. It is not just one dam that is alarming for Pakistan.

India has assisted Afghanistan with studies on the feasibility of a total of 12 dams to be built on the Kabul River, which could generate 1, megawatts of power and further reduce water flow into Pakistan.

A World Resources Institute report states that Pakistan could become the most water-stressed nation in the region bybefore accounting for the potential of reduced water flow from the Kabul River. But if Afghanistan is to develop, it needs better ties with its most intimate neighbor, with which it shares not only a long history but also an economic future.

Afghanistan has maintained that the impact of the dams on Pakistan will be minimal and has previously shown little interest in further hydro-diplomacy, only leading to more anger in Islamabad. A water-sharing treaty with Pakistan could potentially limit the irrigation techniques used and the types of hydroelectric projects that can be built along the Kabul River basin.

Indeed, the potential for a major conflict to break out over water usage rights has been a chronic concern in the region. Tensions between India and Pakistan over access to shared waterways have simmered since partition in It was a separation that disrupted centuries-old irrigation systems and opened the door for new disputes.

The rough edges left by partition have been tempered by the disputed, but effective, Indus Waters Treaty, which has provided a legal framework for water sharing between India and Pakistan since it was signed in In Pakistan’s contentious election campaign, front-runner Imran Khan, like the other challengers, has spoken more about corruption than international relations.

As Pakistan faces a number of vexing regional and international challenges, Prime Minister Imran Khan will come into office with little foreign policy experience. Pakistan’s foreign policy — or lack thereof — is perplexing. The present government does not have a foreign minister; instead there is an advisor to the prime minister on foreign .

However, that would require better coordination with the head of government and the Cabinet on what Pakistan’s achievable foreign policy goals should be. Pakistan's foreign policy with India has centered on territorial and water issues. PHOTO: REUTERS Foreign policy is closely linked with a state’s national power.

Pakistan’s foreign policy seems to be on a changing course. Much has been written on the successes and failures of its policy, with more focus on highlighting those areas where Pakistan has. In Khan’s victory speech charting out his vision for the nation, he offered a glimpse of his foreign policy priorities. What he said, and the order of his priorities, might surprise. Pakistan’s foreign policy — or lack thereof — is perplexing. The present government does not have a foreign minister; instead there is an advisor to the prime minister on foreign .

That, too, is a matter for Pakistani-Chinese discussion. China, already Pakistan’s largest trading partner, is indeed the primary cause of Pakistan’s growing trade deficit, accounting for 29 percent of imports.

Pakistan only exports $ billion in goods to China, less than it exports to either the European Union or the United States.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Islamabad, Pakistan