Essays on pope urban ii

Note how the traditions of the peace and truce of God - aimed at bringing about peace in Christendom - ties in directly with the call for a Crusade. Does this amount to the export of violence? Urged by necessity, I, Urban, by the permission of God chief bishop and prelate over the whole world, have come into these parts as an ambassador with a divine admonition to you, the servants of God.

Essays on pope urban ii

How to Write a Summary of an Article? The Pope stressed the religious and economic importance of the Eastern churches and Jerusalem that had both been taken over by Muslim Turks. Previously Vikings and Muslims had been attempting to invade most Western European countries and were troubling them but were soon defeated.

With the growth of people entering the Catholic Church many people were looking for ways to honor God. Then Pope Urban II announced a Crusade and many countries were eager to assist in his religious mission into the East. The soldiers were extremely passionate about the battle; they created the symbol of a cross with any red material they could find and sewed it onto their armor.

The red cross became the unofficial symbol for the crusades and was worn by nearly every soldier in the army. The war was called the Crusade, because the word crusade is derived from the Latin word crux which means cross. Until Christians were granted safe travel to Jerusalem which was controlled by the Saracens but the Muslim Turks defeated them and took control of The Holy Land.

The Holy Land, which is called Jerusalem was where Jesus was crucified, buried, and rose from the grave and is the most sacred of places for all Christians. The Saracens were another group of Muslims but were rivals with the Turks.

When the Turks took control of Jerusalem they massacred 3, Christians that were in the city at the time and tortured all the other Christians that were left. This alarmed the Pope and he realized that the Christians needed to control the Holy Land for themselves. Not allowing Christians to enter the Jerusalem startled the Pope and the battle for its recovery was important to everybody within the church.

The Crusaders were facing an uphill battle in taking on the Turks. The Turks would be fighting on their own land and knew the geography of the land as opposed to the Crusaders who were traveling into unknown territory.

Pope Urban II was widely encouraged to lead the Crusades himself but decided he was not fit to lead an army into battle. Seeing no one capable of controlling so much power and men, knights just followed their local overlords into battle. The Pope appointed a Bishop named Adhemar to keep the overlords working together in their conquest into the East.

Many people believed that because of the lack of unified leadership there would be problems with authority that would lead to ultimate failure but Adhemar did his job of keeping peace between the overlords. Like all wars, it would cost Europe a lot of money.

They would need to be able to feed their soldiers, supply them with armor and weapons, and pay them when they return.

Because of their central location in the ancient world the Turks were very successful in trading between Asia and Eastern Europe. The Turks were overconfident of their dominance in battle.

They had recently expanded their territory and maintained a strong military and were used to the varied conditions of Eastern Europe.

Essays on pope urban ii

The Crusaders had to march across mountains and plains under the harsh sun.NEW Movie script on Mohammed PBUH* - the founder of Islam. History of the Crusades Against Jihad ( - ) This site is dedicated to a factual and realistic analysis of the Islamic Jihad.

Here you will read about the history of the Islamic Jihad from its beginnings at Mecca in C.E. up to 9/11, and the lessons it has for us in today’s challenging times. One version of Pope Urban II's speech at Clermont in urging French warriors to embark on what would become known as the First Crusade does note that they might "make spoil of [the enemy's] treasures,"[8] but this was no more than an observation on the usual way of financing war in ancient and medieval society.

The latest breaking news video and visual storytelling from HuffPost. Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.

Dec 05,  · The Crusade of Urban Ii Essay The crusade of Urban II Pope Urban II appeal was made in November, (Asbridge 1) calling for a Holy War against the Muslims and to liberate Jerusalem.

The Crusade thus initiated continued for a few centuries involving almost the entire continents of Europe and Asia. Primarily, the . Pope Urban II made a speech in Clermont, France in , attempting to persuade the people to have crusade to fight for the Holy Land.

Throughout the Christian world there was an overwhelmingly positive response to Urban's argument/5(3).

Read Robert the Monk's account of Pope Urban II's call to crusade found on the I - Scholarly Essays