Significantly reduces use of fossil fuels farm machines and transport of crops Makes use of abandoned or unused properties No weather related crop failures Offers the possibility of sustainability for urban centers Converts black and gray water to drinking water Adds energy back to the grid via methane generation Creates new urban employment opportunities Reduces the risk of infection from agents transmitted at the agricultural interface Returns farmland to nature, helping to restore ecosystem functions and services Controls vermin by using restaurant waste for methane generation No-cost restoration of ecosystems: The best reason to consider converting most food production to vertical farming is the promise of restoring ecosystem services and functions This belief stems, in part, from numerous anecdotal observations as to the current biological state of some territories that were once severely damaged either by now-extinct civilizations or over-farming, and, in part, from data derived from National Science Foundation-sponsored long-term ecological research program LTERbegun inon a wide variety of fragmented ecosystems purposely set aside subsequent to an extended period of encroachment
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In current usage, to govern means to steer, to control, and to influence from a position of Authority.
It is a set of the systems and processes concerned with ensuring the overall direction, effectiveness, super vision and accountability of an organization. E-Governance involves new styles of leadership, new ways of debating and deciding policy and investment, new ways of accessing education, new ways of listening to citizens and new ways of organizing and delivering information and services.
Just like the term e-Commerce, the term e-governance was born out of the Internet boom.
However, it is not limited to Internet use or publicly accessible systems for direct use by customers or citizens. E-Governance started as a practitioner field, basically convening practitioners struggling to meet the new challenges of the Internet medium by implementing new systems creatively.
For example, in the United States the then Vice President Gore led the National Performance Review, which placed a strong emphasis on the role of e-government in federal Services.
In other words e- Governance is the implementation and delivery of government services through the information communication technology to provide Transparent, Effective, Efficient, Responsive and Accountable governance to the society. Responsiveness, Accountability, Equity and inclusiveness.
Information and communication technologies have a valuable potential to help meet good governance goals in India. Cramped spaces; shabby ambience; discourteous dealing personnel and their chronic absenteeism; demands of gratification; inefficiency in work; long queues; procrastinating officials; procedural complexities; etc.
Consequently, a visit to government department by a citizen to make use of any service used to be a harrowing experience. With the rising awareness amongst the citizens and their better experiences with the private sector — the demand for better services on the part of government departments became more pronounced.
The infusion of Information and Communication Technology ICT has played a prominent role in strengthening such a demand. The metamorphosis in the quality of delivery of services to the citizens by the government has been more pronounced in recent years with the advent of e-governance.
Egovernance, which is a paradigm shift over the traditional approaches in Public Administration, means rendering of government services and information to the public using electronic means. This new paradigm has brought about a revolution in the quality of service delivered to the citizens.
It has ushered in transparency in the governing process; saving of time due to provision of services through single window; simplification of procedures; better office and record management; reduction in corruption; and improved attitude, behavior and job handling capacity of the dealing personnel.
The concept of e-governance originated in India during the seventies with a focus on development of inhouse government applications in the areas of defense, economic monitoring and planning. The deployment of IT was aimed to manage data intensive functions related to elections, census, tax administration etc.
The efforts of the Nat ional Informatics Center NIC to connect all the district headquarters during the eighties was a very significant development. Early nineties onwards, IT technologies were supplemented by ICT technologies to extend its use for wider sectoral applications with policy emphasis on reaching out to rural areas and taking in greater inputs from NGOs and private sector.
It, therefore, promotes technology choice, and avoids vendor lock-in. It aims for reliable long-term accessibility to public documents and information in Indian context.
To meet this objective, there is a need to cooperate, collaborate and integrate information across different departments.
Government systems characterized by islands of legacy systems using heterogeneous platforms and technologies and spread across diverse geographical locations, in varying state of automation, make this task very challenging.
In short, the aim is to provide knowledge-based governance rather than person centric governance. In developing countries, such technologies and systems became available with a perceptible time lag as compared to developed nations. However, in the case of India, with the liberalization of the economy from the early s onwards, there has been a convergence in the availability of cutting edge technologies and opportunities in the field of e-Governance.
Generally speaking, the Indian experience demonstrates that the onset of eGovernance proceeded through the following phases: In the first phase, with the availability of personal computers, a large number of Government offices got equipped with computers.The Office of Records and Registration acts as a registration resource for students and faculty alike and maintains the official academic records of all UA Little Rock students.
On the 20th anniversary of the Starr investigation, which introduced her to the world, the author reflects on the changing nature of trauma, the de-evolution of the media, and the extraordinary. Nov 07, · The Top 10 Emerging Technologies list, compiled by the Forum’s Meta-Council on Emerging Technologies and published in collaboration with Scientific American, highlights technological advances its members believe have the power to improve lives, transform industries and safeguard the planet.
Emerging Technologies: Business And Society. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, the output of these advances translates to new business opportunities when converted or modified for civilian applications. positive or negative, define the viability of an emerging technology.
The assessment of Nanotechnology and Robotics in. Emerging Technology and e-Business Emerging Technology and e-Business The methodology of doing business has greatly been affected by the emerging technology for the last two decades.
Business organizations are forced to adopt new technology in one way or the other in order to cope up with the dynamic customer and industry requirements.
Social Media as Emerging Technology Online social networks are forums whereby people can meet new individuals, network and initiate or maintain contact with .