Hire Writer Botulism toxin is the most poisonous substance known to man. In context, a single gram of crystalline botulism toxin has the capacity to kill in excess of one million people. Even at low doses as 0. Botulism naturally occurs in three forms; food borne, infant or intestinal toxemia, and wound, but these naturally occurring forms are extremely rare.
Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Evaluation of this vulnerability has focused on the role public health will have detecting and managing the probable covert biological terrorist incident with the realization that the U.
In partnership with representatives for local and state health departments, other federal agencies, and medical and public health professional associations, CDC has developed a strategic plan to address the deliberate dissemination of biological or chemical agents.
The plan contains recommendations to reduce U.
Training and research are integral components for achieving these recommendations. Success of the plan hinges on strengthening the relationships between medical and public health professionals and on building new partner-ships with emergency management, the military, and law enforcement professionals.
However, the possibility of biological or chemical terrorism should not be ignored, especially in light of events during the past 10 years e. Preparing the nation to address this threat is a formidable challenge, but the consequences of being unprepared could be devastating.
The public health infrastructure must be prepared to prevent illness and injury that would result from biological and chemical terrorism, especially a covert terrorist attack.
As with emerging infectious diseases, early detection and control of biological or chemical attacks depends on a strong and flexible public health system at the local, state, and federal levels.
In addition, primary health-care providers throughout the United States must be vigilant because they will probably be the first to observe and report unusual illnesses or injuries. A Strategic Plan CDC, unpublished report,which outlines steps for strengthening public health and health-care capacity to protect the United States against these dangers.
This strategic plan marks the first time that CDC has joined with law enforcement, intelligence, and defense agencies in addition to traditional CDC partners to address a national security threat. In addition, colleagues from local, state, and federal agencies; emergency medical services EMS ; professional societies; universities and medical centers; and private industry provided suggestions and constructive criticism.
Combating biological and chemical terrorism will require capitalizing on advances in technology, information systems, and medical sciences. Preparedness will also require a re-examination of core public health activities e.
Preparedness efforts by public health agencies and primary health-care providers to detect and respond to biological and chemical terrorism will have the added benefit of strengthening the U.
Recipes for preparing "homemade" agents are readily available 5and reports of arsenals of military bioweapons 2 raise the possibility that terrorists might have access to highly dangerous agents, which have been engineered for mass dissemination as small-particle aerosols.
Such agents as the variola virus, the causative agent of smallpox, are highly contagious and often fatal.
Responding to large-scale outbreaks caused by these agents will require the rapid mobilization of public health workers, emergency responders, and private health-care providers.
Large-scale outbreaks will also require rapid procurement and distribution of large quantities of drugs and vaccines, which must be available quickly.
Chemical terrorism acts are likely to be overt because the effects of chemical agents absorbed through inhalation or by absorption through the skin or mucous membranes are usually immediate and obvious. Such attacks elicit immediate response from police, fire, and EMS personnel.9/11 Attack essay.
On September 11, there was a terrible attack in United States in New York City and the Washington, D. C., which was launched by the Islamic terrorist group called al- Qaeda.
On that Tuesday morning al-Qaeda hijacked four planes which were crashed into the World Trade Center North Tower, South Tower and the pentagon. May 17, · terrorist attacks of 9/11, the security of the United States of America has been transformed into the utmost priority of the presidential administration.
Aside from the political rules however, more and more individuals place an increased emphasis on issues of security, especially the prevention of terrorist attacks. Jan 09, · The largest bioterrorist attack in United States history had begun.
The origins of this brazen contamination go back to , when Indian mystic Baghwan Shree Rajneesh (also known as Osho) began a. Summary of historical attacks using chemical or biological weapons.
compiled by Wm. Robert Johnston last updated 5 December The following table summarizes known historical instances of the use of chemical or biological weapons, in reverse chronological order.
9/11 Attack essay. On September 11, there was a terrible attack in United States in New York City and the Washington, D. C., which was launched by the Islamic terrorist group called al- Qaeda. On that Tuesday morning al-Qaeda hijacked four planes which were crashed into the World Trade Center North Tower, South Tower and the pentagon.
According to a study based on the Global Terrorism Database, in , 37 of 65 terrorist attacks in the United States were tied to right wing extremism, 11 attacks were tied to left wing extremism and 7 attacks were tied to Islamic extremism.