In the book, the courtier is described as having a cool mind, a good voice with beautiful, elegant and brave words along with proper bearing and gestures. At the same time though, the courtier is expected to have a warrior spirit, to be athletic, and have good knowledge of the humanities, Classics and fine arts. Over the course of four evenings, members of the court try to describe the perfect gentleman of the court. In the process they debate the nature of nobility, humor, women, and love.
The Book of the Courtier Il Cortegiano , tr.
Sir Thomas Hoby, Castiglione himself was a courtier born to the rank of count and educated in the humanist schools of Milan and Mantua. His book was the outcome of ten years of experience as a courtier in the court of the Montefeltro family in Urbino.
Castiglione was not only writing about the ideal courtier but also about his own fond recollections of life in the idyllic court of Guidobaldo Montefeltro, son of Federigo di Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino. Federigo was known as a man of intense principles, even during his most brutal military campaigns.
Presiding over a household of people, he managed to create an environment in which modesty and honesty were considered cardinal virtues. He is reported to have never accepted the easy way out for himself and even refused a Church indulgence secured for him by a wellwisher, preferring instead to fast as prescribed with the members of his household.
In regards to learning he was very demanding of himself and his library contained all the books necessary for an orderly acquisition of learning.
As the paternalistic administrator-ruler of Urbino, he was intensely respected, to the point of reverence; men and women were known to kneel when he passed in the streets, an honor which was not automatically accorded to the nobility. He made Urbino one of the most vital courts in Italy.
Castiglione was writing at a time when gunpowder was decreasing the influence of the old nobility and replacing its political and moral voice with the absolutism of central monarchies.
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So there is a wistful, ironic tone to the work. It is not only a book of conduct but a book of autobiographical remembrance of Italy prior to the destabilizing invasion of the French Burke, The Book of the Courtier is an excellent example of ideal discourse between men and women of honor.
As impressive as the content of the dialogs is the fact that the speakers have found a pleasant and fair way of relating to one another. There is something original here. Ideal mannerisms are not denied, but added to them now is the ideal of an opinionated and intelligent conversation that is not at all limited by ecclesiastical dogma or the artifice of aristocratic pretension.
One theme appears repeatedly in the four books of The Book of the Courtier: The prescriptive quality of medieval religious devotion is transformed into a self-regulated ethic.
This double loyalty to self and others is noticeable in the manner in which the participants in the book take great pains not to appear pedantic or to insult one another with assertions that are emotionally forceful.
There is an effort to harmonize opposing motivations: The book was an important milestone in the rationalization of individuality and in the personalizing as opposed to theologizing of virtue.
The book consists of dialogues between guests at the court of Urbino held over a period of four evenings during the frequent presence of the Duchess of Urbino.
Neither brute force nor the mixing of force and piety favored by the medieval romances is sufficient for the making of a courtier. Considerably more is required, The ideal courtier is to blend the graceful and the sec manner as to become an unassuming, courageous individual committed to justice, truth, and wise counsel, yet never given to boasting about his accomplishments or appearing greedy for rewards.
Grazia grace is not presented here with its religious overtones, but as a quality tempered by gravitas dignityfor these two qualities assure a courtier that his speech does not seem affected or forced.
Petrarch and Alberti had affirmed their belief in the human will and Castiglioni furthered that belief by arguing that only through a disciplined application of willful intent could the ideal courtier manage to consistently speak the type of truths that would allow him to become a trusted and useful advisor in court.
Most certainly due to the influence of the well-bred and cultured Duchess of Urbino, Castiglione accords men and women of court similar responsibilities.
As a tempering force in the court she is to be without equal, as seemed to be the Duchess Elisabetta Gonzaga who occasionally steps in and very gently calms discussions that are becoming heated. That the book received an enthusiastic welcome in European courts where women were increasingly holding influence is quite understandable.
While Castigliano did not sanction the despotic regimes that had sprung up in Italy, he did favor a monarchical system that would limit greed and administer policy through democratic assemblies.
He was a pragmatist for he was not overly disturbed by the presence of vice in the courts.The Renaissance Courtier was the ideal man. He was very knowledgeable in everything he did.
He was muscular and athletic and knowledgeable of all sports, yet he had an appreciation for the arts. It set rules of behavior for the Renaissance man, woman, and courtier What traits did the ideal courtier have? well-educated, good manners, good at . 1. Light-hearted depiction of domestic life in the upper class home (e.g.
Le Dejeuner, or The Breakfast, by Francois Boucher) 2. Elegantly dressed aristocrats at play, usually in pastoral landscapes (e.g.
The Lesson of Love by Jean-Antoine Watteau) 3. Look for courting, beauty, romance, fun, playfulness and sexual symbols (e.g. Men and women in the Renaissance In the Renaissance there were many different types of men and women. There was the ideal man, the courtier, and the working class peasants.
Although there were many other types of men, the personalities of these man . Working Class Essay Examples. 21 total results. The Portrayal of the Working Class in Charles Dickens' Great Expectations.
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words. Mary is working on an art history web site for children and trying to recreate certain styles of art for the children to use as examples when painting their own pictures. When she begins work on a German expressionist piece, she is thinking in particular of Die Brücke.